Anti-Money Laundering (AML) in Indonesia

AML Country Guide / Anti-Money Laundering (AML) in Indonesia

Indonesia, with a GDP surpassing 1 trillion United States Dollars, stands as the largest economy in Southeast Asia and a prominent member of the G20. While this economic prowess is commendable, it also renders Indonesia susceptible to financial crimes. In this guide, we will explore Indonesia's efforts to combat money laundering, its AML requirements, regulatory bodies, international indicators, and the penalties for financial crimes.

Fighting Financial Crimes in Indonesia

Indonesia embarked on its journey to combat financial crimes in 2002 with the establishment of PPATK (Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan), the country's financial intelligence unit. Over the years, Indonesia has implemented a series of anti-money laundering (AML) laws to strengthen its defense against illicit financial activities.

Anti-money Launderin (AML) Compliance Guide for Indonesia

International Recognition and Partnerships

In 2012, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) placed Indonesia on its blacklist of countries with a high risk of money laundering. However, Indonesia's commitment to enhancing its AML framework led to its removal from the blacklist in 2015. Notably, in 2018, FATF recognized Indonesia as an observer member, reflecting the nation's dedication to international AML efforts.

Indonesia is also an active member state of the Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering (APG), an organization focused on localizing FATF compliance measures in the Asia/Pacific region. Furthermore, Indonesia holds associate membership with FATF, cementing its role in shaping global AML standards.

AML Requirements in Indonesia

To combat money laundering effectively, Indonesia adopts a risk-based approach to AML compliance. Businesses and financial institutions in Indonesia are mandated to implement AML compliance programs that encompass:

  1. Customer Due Diligence (CDD): This entails thorough screening of customers against international sanctions lists, adverse media, and politically exposed persons (PEPs) lists.
  2. AML Program: Implementing Know Your Customer (KYC) procedures to gather essential information about clients, helping to identify and prevent illicit activities.

Indonesian Regulatory Bodies

The primary authority overseeing AML compliance in Indonesia is PPATK, founded in 2002 by the Indonesian government. PPATK collaborates extensively with AUSTRAC (Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre) on various projects. Additionally, the Bank of Indonesia, the Financial Services Authority, and OJK (Otoritas Jasa Keuangan) play pivotal roles in ensuring robust AML compliance within the country.

The most important AML Regulators

Indonesia's AML Risk Profile

Several international indicators assess Indonesia's vulnerability to money laundering:

  • United States Dept of State Money Laundering Assessments, FATF 40 + 9 Recommendations, and Corruption Index: These assessments classify Indonesia as a higher-risk jurisdiction.
  • Weakness in Government Legislation to Combat Money Laundering and World Governance Indicators: These indicators place Indonesia in the medium-risk category.

FATF Recommendations and Compliance

Indonesia has made significant strides in aligning its AML framework with FATF recommendations. As a result, FATF is no longer actively monitoring Indonesia. The last mutual evaluation occurred in 2018, yielding the following results:

Effectiveness and Technical Compliance ratings indicated:

  • Highly Effective for 0 areas.
  • Substantially Effective for five areas.

Penalties for Money Laundering in Indonesia

Indonesia is resolute in its stance against financial crimes due to their potential threat to economic development. The country's GDP per capita still lags behind the world average, underscoring the significance of combating financial crimes. Penalties for money laundering offenses vary based on the nature of the crime and specific circumstances but may include:

  • Fines ranging from 10 billion up to 100 billion Indonesian Rupiah.
  • Prison sentences of up to 20 years.


Indonesia's journey in enhancing its AML framework reflects its commitment to safeguarding its growing economy from the perils of money laundering. By adhering to AML requirements, collaborating with international bodies, and imposing stringent penalties, Indonesia strives to create a secure and transparent financial environment. To further bolster AML compliance, businesses can turn to innovative solutions like Sanction Scanner, a technology startup that provides real-time updates on sanctions, PEPs, and watchlists from 220 countries, assisting financial institutions in over 40 countries in meeting Indonesian AML regulations. Together, these efforts contribute to a safer and more stable financial landscape in Indonesia.

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