What is Designated Non-Financial Businesses and Professions (DNFBP)?

Designated Non-Financial Businesses and Professions (DNFBPs) play a critical role in the global effort to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, as recognized by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). While financial institutions have long been the focus of anti-money laundering regulations, DNFBPs encompass a wide range of industries and professions that are equally susceptible to exploitation by illicit actors. From real estate agents and lawyers to accountants and trust service providers, DNFBPs have unique vulnerabilities and responsibilities in identifying and mitigating the risks associated with financial crimes. In this blog post, we will explore the significance of DNFBPs, their regulatory framework, and the measures they can take to safeguard against money laundering. Join us as we delve into the world of DNFBPs and uncover their pivotal role in maintaining the integrity of the global financial system.

What are Designated Non-Financial Businesses and Professions (DNFBPs)?

DNFBPs, or Designated Non-Financial Businesses and Professions, refer to a diverse group of entities or individuals that are involved in activities outside of the traditional financial sector but have the potential to be exploited for money laundering, terrorist financing, or other illicit financial activities. These businesses and professions are designated by regulatory authorities and are subject to specific anti-money laundering (AML) and counter-terrorism financing (CTF) regulations.

List of Designated Non-Financial Businesses and Professions

  • Lawyers, Notaries, Conveyancers, and Other Independent Legal Professionals: This category includes legal professionals such as lawyers and notaries who provide legal services, including property conveyancing, trust creation, and company formation.
  • Accountants, Auditors, and Tax Advisors: Accountants, auditors, and tax advisors are responsible for maintaining financial records, conducting audits, and providing guidance on tax matters for individuals and businesses.
  • Real Estate Agents, Developers, and Brokers: Professionals in the real estate industry, including agents, developers, and brokers, facilitate property transactions, such as buying, selling, and leasing real estate properties.
  • Dealers in Precious Metals, Jewels, and Stones: This category encompasses businesses engaged in buying, selling, or trading precious metals like gold and silver, as well as dealing with jewelry and valuable gemstones.
  • Dealers in Vehicles: Vehicle dealers are involved in the trade of automobiles, motorcycles, and other types of vehicles.
  • Trusts and Company Service Providers: These entities specialize in creating, managing, and administering trusts, companies, or other legal structures for clients.
  • Casinos, Online Gaming, and Gambling Establishments: Casinos, online gaming platforms, and gambling establishments fall into this category, as they handle financial transactions related to gambling activities.
  • Insurance Firms, Agents, and Brokers: Insurance companies, agents, and brokers are involved in the sale and provision of insurance products and services.
  • Sports and Betting Operations: This category includes businesses engaged in sports events, betting operations, and related financial transactions.
  • Crypto-Fiat Exchanges and Virtual Currency Custodian Wallet Services: Entities involved in cryptocurrency trading, exchange platforms, and virtual currency wallet services.

Key Obligations and Requirements for DNFBPs

Designated Non-Financial Businesses and Professions (DNFBPs) are subject to various regulatory obligations and requirements to prevent money laundering and counter-terrorism financing. These requirements may vary based on jurisdiction, but generally, DNFBPs are expected to:

  • Conduct Customer Due Diligence (CDD): DNFBPs must establish and verify the identity of their customers and beneficial owners, including conducting risk assessments and ongoing monitoring of client relationships.
  • Report Suspicious Transactions: DNFBPs are obligated to monitor transactions for any suspicious activities and report them to the appropriate authorities, such as financial intelligence units or law enforcement agencies.
  • Implement Internal Controls and Policies: DNFBPs should have robust internal controls, policies, and procedures in place to mitigate the risks associated with money laundering and terrorist financing. This includes risk assessment, record-keeping, and training programs for employees.
  • Comply with Record-Keeping Requirements: DNFBPs are typically required to maintain records of transactions, customer identification, and other relevant information for a specified period.
  • Establish AML/CFT Compliance Programs: DNFBPs should develop and implement comprehensive anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing (AML/CFT) compliance programs tailored to their specific risks and obligations. This includes appointing a designated compliance officer and conducting regular assessments and reviews.
  • Undertake Risk Assessments: DNFBPs must identify and assess the money laundering and terrorist financing risks associated with their business activities. This involves evaluating customer profiles, geographic risks, products/services offered, and delivery channels.
  • Cooperate with Regulatory Authorities: DNFBPs are expected to cooperate with regulatory authorities, respond to inquiries, and provide necessary information when requested during investigations or audits.
  • Stay Updated with Regulatory Changes: DNFBPs should remain aware of changes in AML/CFT regulations, guidelines, and best practices to ensure compliance and implement necessary updates to their policies and procedures.
  • Periodic review of risk assessments and compliance program: DNFBPs should conduct regular reviews of their risk assessments and AML/CFT compliance programs to ensure they remain effective and up to date with evolving risks and regulatory changes.
  • Monitoring and Reporting of DNFBPs are required to monitor and report the following:
    • Suspicious transactions and activities: DNFBPs must establish systems to detect and report any transactions or activities that raise suspicions of money laundering or terrorist financing.
    • Transactions with Politically Exposed Persons (PEPs) and sanctioned individuals: DNFBPs should exercise enhanced due diligence when dealing with individuals who hold prominent public positions or individuals subject to sanctions.
    • Transactions with virtual currency exchanges if illegal under the regime: If engaging in transactions involving virtual currencies, DNFBPs must comply with any specific regulations governing virtual currency exchanges.
    • Transactions with sanctioned entities or countries: DNFBPs should screen transactions to identify and report any dealings with individuals, entities, or countries subject to sanctions.
    • Trading in prohibited goods or activities that pose risks of money laundering or terrorist financing: DNFBPs should be vigilant for transactions involving prohibited goods or activities that may facilitate illicit financial flows.
    • Transactions that are beyond given transaction thresholds: DNFBPs should monitor transactions that exceed specified thresholds and report them to the relevant authorities.

It's important to note that these obligations may vary depending on the jurisdiction and the specific DNFBP sector. DNFBPs should always consult local regulations and seek legal advice to ensure compliance with their specific obligations.

Essential AML compliance checklist for finance industry, ensuring regulatory adherence.

FATF Requirements for DNFBPs

The FATF has provided a set of recommendations to guide countries in implementing necessary controls over DNFBPs. These recommendations, which include FATF Recommendations 12, 16, 24, and 25, aim to enhance AML/CFT measures and ensure the effective regulation of DNFBPs. Let's explore these recommendations in more detail:

Recommendation 12

Under Recommendation 12, DNFBPs are required to apply customer due diligence (CDD) and maintain appropriate record-keeping practices in specific situations. For instance, casinos must conduct CDD measures when customers engage in financial transactions exceeding a certain threshold. Similarly, real estate agents are expected to perform CDD when participating in clients' real estate transactions.

Recommendation 16

Recommendation 16 places reporting obligations on certain DNFBPs, such as lawyers, notaries, and accountants, when they engage in or assist clients with high-risk activities. These professionals are required to report suspicious transactions on behalf of their clients. Additionally, dealers in precious stones are obligated to report suspicious transactions when conducting cash transactions exceeding a prescribed threshold with a customer.

Recommendation 24

Under Recommendation 24, casinos are subject to comprehensive regulation. They must establish effective audit regimes to ensure the proper implementation of AML/CFT measures. These audit regimes can be carried out by a government authority or an appropriate self-regulatory body, provided that the organization ensures its members fulfill their AML/CFT obligations.

Recommendation 25

Recommendation 25 emphasizes the role of competent authorities in assisting DNFBPs in implementing regulations and detecting and reporting suspicious transactions. Competent authorities are responsible for establishing guidelines and providing feedback to DNFBPs to enhance their understanding of AML/CFT requirements and facilitate effective compliance.

These FATF recommendations aim to strengthen the AML/CFT framework for DNFBPs and contribute to a more robust global AML/CFT regime. By adhering to these requirements, DNFBPs can play a vital role in detecting and preventing money laundering and the financing of terrorism, ultimately safeguarding the integrity of the financial system. It is essential for DNFBPs to stay updated on these recommendations and align their AML/CFT practices accordingly to meet regulatory obligations and combat financial crime effectively.

Sanction Scanner Request Demo

You Might Also Like